April 14, 2022

What Is A Plant Asset? Example and More

what are plant assets

The only exception is land, which does not have a limited useful life, so cannot be depreciated. For the past 52 years, Harold Averkamp (CPA, MBA) has worked as an accounting supervisor, manager, consultant, university instructor, and innovator in teaching accounting online. He is the sole author of all the materials on AccountingCoach.com. The same process will be repeated every year at the end of the financial year.

what are plant assets

In addition, plant assets that are used for the production of goods or services are not considered to be assets of a particular business. Plant assets are a specific type of asset on a company’s balance sheet. An asset is anything that can be owned or used to produce value, and can also be used for other purposes. For example, bookkeeper duties the value of a factory is the amount of value it can produce. When a plant asset is acquired by a company that is expected to last longer than one year, it is recorded in the balance sheet at the end of the financial year. Besides, a part of the asset’s cost is charged to expenses account as a non-cash expense, depreciation.

What is asset? Definition, Explanation, Types, Classification, Formula, and Measurement

Property, plant, and equipment are recorded in a company’s balance sheet and need to be calculated appropriately. In this article, we’ve explained the concept of plant assets in very detail. We hope you’ll know the difference between plant assets and other non-current assets and the accounting treatment. The third type of method is the sum of years digit method.

Plant assets, also known as fixed assets, are any asset directly involved in revenue generation with a useful life greater than one year. Named during the industrial revolution, plant assets are no longer limited to factory or manufacturing equipment but also include any asset used in revenue production. Plants are long-term fixed assets that are used to make or sell products and services. These assets are projected to be beneficial to a business for more than a year. The value of a plant asset is determined by a number of factors, including the expected life of the asset, the cost of maintenance and repair, and the amount of capital invested in the plant. Any asset that will provide an economic benefit within one year is a current asset.

  1. The straight-line method is the most commonly used method in most business entities.
  2. Therefore, this method is called as declining balance method.
  3. Vehicles, office equipment, and buildings are included in the subcategories of the fixed assets classification.

The resources owned by the company are called its assets. On the other hand, the borrowed money is the liability or obligation for the business entity. There are different methods of depreciation that a business entity can use. Many business entities use different depreciation methods for financial reporting and tax purposes. In the same way, a company can sell its assets to a third party and use them for its own benefit. This is called an “asset sale,” and it is not considered to be a sale of a tangible asset.

Plant assets represent the asset class that belongs to the non-current, tangible assets. The plant assets’ economic benefits last for more than one year. These assets are used for operating the business functions and generating revenues in the financial periods. The plant assets are often synonymously termed fixed assets. These assets are a subset of the fixed assets classification, which includes such other asset types as vehicles, office equipment, and intangible assets. Plant assets fulfill the usual criteria for a fixed asset, which means that their initial cost exceeds the capitalization limit of the entity, and they are expected to be used for at least one year.

Is factory equipment a plant asset?

Plant assets (other than land) are depreciated over their useful lives and each year’s depreciation is credited to a contra asset account Accumulated Depreciation. Monte Garments is a factory that manufactures different types of readymade garments. The company also has a printing press for https://www.bookkeeping-reviews.com/how-to-use-xero-tracking-categories/ printing customized merchandise with brand designs. A new press technology has just launched in the market, and the company owner decided to acquire the machine. The cost of the machine is USD100,000, and it is expected to stay useful for five years with a residual value of USD10,000.

Let’s skim through the concept of depreciation for the plant assets. Depreciation is the periodic allocation of an asset’s value(cost) over its useful life. The basic principle working behind the depreciation of assets is the matching principle. The matching principle states that expenses should be recorded in the same financial year when the revenue was generated against them.

what are plant assets

Fixed assets include buildings, land, buildings and land improvements, machinery, equipment and other fixed capital assets. The major characteristics of plant assets are that they are acquired for use in operations and not for resale, that they are long-term in nature, and that they have physical substance. Depreciation is the process of deducting a portion of an asset’s value from its purchase price and then paying the difference to the original owner. This process is known as depreciation and is used by companies to determine the fair market value (FMV) of their assets. The second method of deprecation is the declining balance method or written down value method.

A Guide to Properly Managing Plant Assets

The IRS defines a REIT as an investment company that owns and operates a real estate asset that generates income from the sale or lease of that asset. You can, however, sell your land at a higher price and still get the same amount of money back as you would have received if it had been sold at its original price. The Ascent is a Motley Fool service that rates and reviews essential products for your everyday money matters. Mary Girsch-Bock is the expert on accounting software and payroll software for The Ascent. This credit card is not just good – it’s so exceptional that our experts use it personally. It features a lengthy 0% intro APR period, a cash back rate of up to 5%, and all somehow for no annual fee!

Plant assets are a group of assets used in an industrial process, such as a foundry, factory, or workshop. Vehicles, office equipment, and buildings are included in the subcategories of the fixed assets classification. The fixed asset classification is used to categorize the assets in a company’s balance sheet. Fixed Assets are assets that are fixed in nature and are not subject to change. The name plant assets comes from the industrial revolution era where factories and plants were one of the most common businesses. This category of assets is not limited to factory equipment, machinery, and buildings though.

Plants are considered a “current asset” because PP&E has a useful life longer than one year. A plant is a physical object that can be used to produce a product or service. However, it is still included as a tangible asset on the balance sheets of the companies that own and operate the plants.

If the equipment or machinery in question is a necessary part of your business operation, it’s a plant asset. Tom’s Machine Shop is a factory that machines fine art printing presses. One of the CNC machines broke down and Tom purchases a new machine for $100,000.

The cost is also functional in that the customer will have to pay for the physical change in location. In the case of an automobile, functional depreciation occurs when the vehicle is no longer being used for its original purpose. For instance, a car that has been sitting in a garage for 20 years may be sold for $10,000, but the new owner will not be able to drive it because it is too old. Editorial content from The Ascent is separate from The Motley Fool editorial content and is created by a different analyst team. As for buildings, per IRS rules, non-residential buildings can be depreciated over 39 years using the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS) method of depreciation.

The bookkeeper would record the transaction by debiting the plant assets account for $100,000 and crediting the cash account for the same. Any land maintenance, improvement, renovations, or construction to increase building operations or revenue generation capacity are also recorded as part of the plant assets. For example, an office building is fixed and cannot be changed.

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